- Meaning of Number 13
- 13 People at the Table
- The Savoy Hotel
- Number 13 and the Aztecs
- In Tarot 13 is the Card of Death
- Number 13 – Colgate University
- Mary Kay
- The First Thirteen Club
- Apollo 13
- The Flag of the USA
- The 13th President
- The Dollar Bill
- The Thirteenth Amendment
- The Salem Witch Trial
- The Winchester House
- Number 13 Fun Facts
- Number 13 and the Christmas Pudding
- Sonnet 13 By William Shakespeare
- Number 13 – On the 13th Day
- Our Lady of Fatima
- Saint Lucia
- Number 13 in the Bible
- Number 13 in the Book of Esther
- The Last Supper
- Revelation Chapter 13
- Bar Mitzvah – Judaism
- Metatron’s Cube
- The 13 Articles of Faith in Judaism
- The 13 Yule Lads of Iceland
Meaning of Number 13
Many are convinced that number 13 is unlucky. Not all agree. Some claim that number 13 actually is quite lucky. Here is a collection of number 13 facts.
Triskaidekaphobia – the fear of number thirteen.
The word “Triskaidekaphobia” is made up of the Greek words:
tris (meaning “three”), kai (meaning “and”)
deka (meaning “ten”) and
phobia (meaning “fear”).
Paraskavedekatriaphobia – the fear of Friday the thirteenth.
Friday the 13th can only occur in months starting with Sunday.
Triskaidekaphilia means someone who believes number 13 to be a lucky number.
13 People at the Table
It is considered to be bad luck by many in the Western culture to dine with 13 people at the table.
This may be because of the Last Supper – Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve disciples betrayed Jesus.
The Savoy Hotel
The fashionable Savoy Hotel in London, England does not take any chances.
If you book a table for a party of thirteen, you will find that the table has been set for fourteen guests.
Kasper, the black cat will be joining you for dinner. Kasper is the three foot sculpture cat that resides at the Savoy Hotel.
Kasper will be placed in the fourteenth chair. Naturally, Kasper will be served all the courses of the meal. Kasper has resided at the hotel since the 1920s. Sir Winston Churchill was particularly fond of Kasper.
Number 13 and the Aztecs
The Aztecs considered thirteen to be a very sacred number. It was the number of time and stood for completion. An Aztec week lasted for thirteen days.
The Aztec year was 260 days. It was divided into 20 thirteen day periods. The 13 day period is called a Trecena.
In Aztec mythology, the goddess Tlazolteotl ruled the 13th Trecena.
She was the goddess of sin and a patroness of adulterers.
She could also forgive sins, especially those of a sexual nature. Tlazolteotl is associated with purifying steam baths.
In Tarot 13 is the Card of Death
Death symbolizes getting rid of the old and make room for something new.
This tarot card is about transformation. This is actually a good card.
Number 13 is all about not looking back and starting a new chapter in your life.
Reversed it shows the failure to move on to something better.
Number 13 – Colgate University
The number thirteen is considered very good omen at Colgate University in Madison County, New York.
It is told the school was founded by thirteen men, with thirteen dollars and thirteen prayers.
The address of Colgate University is 13 Oak Drive.
The school is now named in honor of the soap-maker, William Colgate, who created Colgate-Palmolive. He was deeply involved in the school.
The business woman, Mary Kay Ash believed thirteen was a very lucky number. The company was founded Friday, September 13, 1963.
The Mary Kay headquarters has thirteen floors and thirteen passenger elevators.
The First Thirteen Club
The first dinner of “The Thirteen Club” took place at 8:13 P.M. on Friday 13, 1881, in Room 13 at the Knickerbocker Cottage in New York. Of course there were 13 people seated around the table on this event.
It was Captain William Fowler who started “The Thirteen Club”.
He was a Civil War veteran, who had taken part in 13 major battles and had been forced to resign on August 13, 1863. On September 13, 1863 he purchased the Knickerbocker Cottage.
Apollo13 was the third manned spacecraft intended to land on the moon. It launched April 11, 1970 at 13:13 CST.
On April 13th an onboard explosion forced the mission to be aborted.
Despite extreme danger and hardship, the crew returned safely to earth.
The Flag of the USA
There are 13 stripes in the flag of USA.
The 13 stripes represent the original 13 colonies that rebelled against British rule. These 13 colonies became the first 13 states.
The 13th President
Thomas Jefferson was born on April 13, 1743.
Millard Fillmore became the 13th President of the United States. 1850 – 1853
Millard Fillmore was Vice President under President Taylor. He became President when President Taylor died of stomach flu. Fillmore was the last President of the Whig Party.
Fillmore did not join the new Republican Party, but became associated with the “Know-Nothing” movement, an anti-Catholic group.
California became a U.S. State when Fillmore was President.
Washington D.C. (capital of the United States) has 13 Council members.
The construction of the White House started on October 13, 1792.
The Dollar Bill
There are 13 bars on the shield. There are 13 leaves on the olive branch. There are 13 fruits.
There are 13 arrows. There are 13 stars above the eagle.
There are 13 plums of feathers on each of the eagle’s wings.
There are 13 steps on the Pyramid.
There are 13 letters in “E PLURIBUS UNUM” meaning “Out of many, one”.
There are 13 letters in “ANNUIT COEPTIS” meaning “God has favored our undertaking”.
The Prohibition in the United States lasted for thirteen years; from 1920 – 1933.
All sale, manufacture and transportation of alcohol for consumption was illegal.
The Thirteenth Amendment
“Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.”
The Salem Witch Trial
Thirteen Women were found guilty and executed in
In Salem, Massachusetts the following thirteen women were found guilty of witchcraft and executed:
Bridget Bishop (June 10, 1692)
Rebecca Nurse (July 19, 1692)
Sarah Good (July 19, 1692)
Elizabeth Howe (July 19, 1692)
Sarah Wildes (July 19, 1692)
Susannah Martin (July 19, 1692)
Martha Carrier (August 19, 1692)
Martha Corey (September 22, 1692)
Mary Eastey (September 22, 1692)
Alice Parker (September 22, 1692)
Mary Parker (September 22, 1692)
Ann Pudeator (September 22, 1692)
Margaret (Stevenson) Scott (September 22, 1692)
The Winchester House
The Winchester House in San Jose, California is a huge mansion which once belonged to Sarah Winchester (1839 – 1922).
The house was under constant construction during her lifetime. Sarah Winchester was the widow of William Winchester, the owner of the Winchester Repeating Arms Company.
Sarah Winchester became obsessed with spirits, fearing the spirits of people who had been killed by the Winchester rifles.
Many believe the Winchester House to be haunted. It is now a major tourist attraction. Every Friday the 13th a bell is rung 13 times at 13:00 o’clock.
The number 13 is represented throughout the house. The chandelier holds 13 candles. The glass window panes are made up of 13 colored stones.
The drain covers in the sinks have 13 holes. There are 13 bathrooms.
Clothes hooks are grouped in 13.
All the stair cases except one have 13 steps, and so on.
Sarah Winchester’s will had 13 sections. She signed her will 13 times.
Number 13 Fun Facts
- There are thirteen loaves in a “baker’s dozen”. This dates back to medieval England, when punishment was severe for bakers who cheated their customers.
To be on the safe side, a free loaf was given with every dozen sold.
- The 13th Runic letter is the Eihwaz.It is associated with Yggdrasil, the Tree of Life.
- The bus number 13 in London was never injured during the blitz of the Second World War.
- The planet Neptune has thirteen known moons.
- A lace anniversary celebrates the thirteenth year.
- Aluminum has the atomic number 13.
Number 13 and the Christmas Pudding
Christmas pudding has been a tradition in Britain for centuries. Old tradition suggested that the Christmas pudding must contain thirteen different ingredients. The thirteen ingredients represented the twelve disciples and Jesus.
There was also a superstition that whoever ate Christmas pudding in thirteen different homes between Christmas Day and New Year’s Day would enjoy good luck in the coming year.
– The Thirteenth Album
The British rock band, Queen released their thirteenth studio album, Innuendo in 1991. This was the last album with lead vocalist Freddie Mercury.
Mercury died later that same year on November 24, 1991. If you enjoy songs about cats Mercury has a love song for his favorite cat on this album.
Sonnet 13 By William Shakespeare
Number 13 – On the 13th Day
Get Rid of the Thirteenth
Sizdah Bedar is the thirteenth day of the Iranian New Year called Nowruz. Nowruz has been celebrated since ancient times Nowruz lasts thirteen days and Sizdah Bedar is the final day.
Thirteen is considered bad luck.
On this day people will leave their homes and spend the day outdoors having picnics.
This is the day to get rid of all bad thoughts and have a good time outdoors. Young women may tie grass in knots and make a wish for a good husband.
As the day ends, the sabzeh is thrown out in running water. The sabzeh will carry away the ill fortunes of the family it has gathered during the Nowruz.
The sabzeh is one of the Seven S’s.
Another custom of Sizdah Bedar is “Dorugh-e Sizdah”, which means “the lie of the thirteenth”.
It is a lot like the Western April Fool’s Day, lying to someone and making them believe it all in good nature.
The French Templars
Sizdah Bedar is celebrated in many parts of the world. Sizdah is the Persian word for thirteen. Sizdah Bedar often coincides with April 1st in the Gregorian calendar.
Friday, October 13, 1307 King Philip IV (Philip the Fair) ordered the arrest of the Templars in France.
They were tortured and forced to give false confessions and then burned on the stake.
The French Templars had great wealth and Philip IV had been in debt to them.
The Great Night of Shiva
The thirteenth night of the waning moon in the Hindu month of Maagha is sacred to Shiva.
Maha Shivaratri means “the great night of Shiva”.
It was on this thirteenth night Shiva preformed the Tandava, the dance of creation, preservation and dissolution.
On Maha Shivaratri the devotees fast and carry out all-night vigil. The next day is full of feasting.
It is told that the thirteenth night of Maagha is the favorite of Shiva.
The First U.S. Government Loan
September 13, 1789 The United States government took out a loan for the very first time.
The U.S. government took the loan from banks in New York City.
James Braddock won the heavyweight championship of the world on June 13, 1935, at Madison Square Garden Bowl, as the 10-to-1 underdog in one of the most astonishing performances in boxing history.
The movie “Cinderella Man” is based on the biography of Braddock.
Pope Gregory XIII
Pope Gregory XIII (1502-1585) began his papacy on May 13, 1572.
He was famous for his reformation of the calendar, replacing the Julian calendar with the Gregorian calendar.
On the side note; he founded the Greek College on May 13, 1577.
When the Russians started to use the Gregorian calendar in 1918, they skipped thirteen days; Wednesday January 31, 1918 was followed by Thursday January 14, 1919.
The country therefore has thirteen “lost” days.
Greece also wiped out thirteen days when the Gregorian calendar was adopted. In Greece, Wednesday February 15, 1923 was followed by Thursday March 1, 1923
Christ the Reedemer of the Andes
On March 13, 1904 the statue “Christ the Redeemer of the Andes” was unveiled on the border between Chile and Argentina.
This marked the peace made between the two countries after long border disputes.
A sign in Spanish on the base reads:
“Sooner shall these mountains crumble into dust than Argentines and Chileans break peace sworn at the feet of Christ the Redeemer”.
Thai New Year
The first day of the Thai New Year (Songkran) is April 13th.Be prepared to get soaking wet. A big part of the celebration is to splash water on other people, strangers as well as friends.
Anything may be used for this purpose: gardens hoses, water guns, buckets and so on. The splashing of water is a symbol of washing the bad away.
In India April 13th is the day Vaisakhi is celebrated. This is a major celebration of giving thanks for the winter crops. People may choose to bathe in Holy Rivers on this day. It may also be celebrated by parades, singing and dancing. One could say it is a huge Thanksgiving festival.
This festival on April 13th is very important also to the Sikhs and they will call it Baisakhi. It was on this special day that the 10th Guru Gobind Singh initiated the five pure ones. It also honors all those who have accepted the 5 K’s. Baisakhi is celebrated by Sikhs all over the world.
Lego Container Lost at Sea
On February 13, 1997 a colossal wave slammed a ship headed for New York. A container filled with over 5 million Lego pieces was thrust into the ocean and smashed open. Ever since that day there have been countless reports of people finding Lego pieces along the shores of Cornwell, England.
The Lego seems to be in perfect condition and best of all most of the Lego found are related to sea life. February 13th may have been unlucky for the shipping company, but not so for all the happy kids who to this day find Lego treasures on the beaches.
The first striptease open to the general public in the Western world was performed in the Divan Fayounau Theater in Paris, France. This controversial performance took place on March 13th.
The Lindbergh Law
The Congress passed the “Lindbergh Law” on June 13, 1932, which making kidnapping a federal offense.
It was called the Lindbergh Law because a month earlier Charles Lindberg’ 20 month old son had been kidnapped from his home in New Jersey.
After a 10-week nationwide search and paying $50 000, the body of his dead son was found in the woods close to his home.
Lindbergh was an airplane pilot famous for making the solo non-stop flight across the Atlantic Ocean in 1927.
Bruno Richard Hauptmann, a 34-year old German immigrant carpenter was charged with the kidnapping, extortion, and first degree murder.
On February 13, 1935 the judge Thomas Trenchard sentenced Hauptmann to death.
Claudius I Murdered
October 13, 54 A.D. Claudius I (Roman Emperor) was murdered. He was poisoned by his wife, Agrippina. His successor was his stepson Nero. Nero was the son of Agrippina from an earlier marriage.
Jean Paul Marat (a radical politician from the French Revolution) was stabbed to death in his bathtub July 13, 1793.
Picture by Jacques-Louis David
More on the 13th Day
Martin Luther married former nun, Katharina von Bora on June 13, 1525.
Alfred Hitchcock was born Friday August 13, 1899.
Butch Cassidy, the American bank and train robber, was born on Friday April 13, 1866.
Fidel Castro, Prime Minister of Cuba, was born Friday August 13, 1926.
Julia Louis-Dreyfus, actress best known for her role as Elaine Benes in Seinfeld, was born Friday January 13, 1961.
Mary-Kate and Asley Olsen, actresses, were born Friday June 13, 1986.
Tunisia celebrates Women’s Day on August 13th annually.
The Opening ceremony of the Athens Olympic Games took place Friday, August 13, 2004.
The First New York Marathon took place September 13, 1970.
Princess Grace of Monaco (former actress Grace Kelly) had a stroke while driving her car on September 13, 1982 and crashed. Her daughter Stephanie (born in 1965) was also in the car; Stephanie survived the car crash and is fine. Princess Grace died the following day.
On March 13, 2013 Pope Francis (from Argentina) was elected to be Pope. He is the very first Jesuit Pope and also the first ever from Americas.
Our Lady of Fatima
May 13, 1917, three young children claimed they had seen and spoken to Our Lady of Fatima (Our Lady of Fatima is the title given to the Blessed Virgin Mary), in Fatima, Portugal. She is also called “Our Lady of the Rosary”.
They were told she would return on the 13th day for six months.
On October 13th 1917 over 70 000 people were gathered in Fatima, waiting to witness the return of the Virgin Mary.
They call that day “The Miracle of the Sun”. A chapel has been built at the place where Fatima apparitions were reported.
Today pilgrims visit Fatima all year and up to a million pilgrims visit Fatima on May 13th and October 13th of every year.
The picture to the left was taken on October 13, 1917.
The picture of the three children: Lúcia Santos, Jacinta and Francisco Marto.
December 13th is the day of the Saint Lucia (Saint Lucy) celebration.
It is very popular in Scandinavia.
A young girl will dress up as Lucia wearing a white robe and a crown with candles on her head.
A special Lucia song is sung and saffron buns (some use turmeric) are eaten called “Lussekatter”.
Number 13 in the Bible
Apostle Paul – Thirteen Epistle
Thirteen epistles/letters in the New Testament are traditionally attributed to the Apostle Paul.
Romans – First Corinthians – Second Corinthians – Galatians- Ephesians – Philippians – Colossians – First Thessalonians – Second Thessalonians – First Timothy – Second Timothy – Titus – Philemon
Painting: Apostle Paul by Rembrandt In Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.
In the Bible the thirteenth year was the year of rebellion; “Twelve years they had served Chedor-lao’mer, but in the thirteenth year they rebelled.” Genesis 14:4
King Solomon spent 13 years building his own house (palace) before it was finished. 1 King 7:1
Ishmael, the first son of Abraham was thirteen years old when he was circumcised.
“And Ishmael was thirteen years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.” Genesis 17:25.
Ishmael and Hagar were sent away by Sarah and Abraham. The story of Ishmael is important in Islam. Se number 7.
Number 13 in the Book of Esther
The number 13 certainly was bad news for the Jews according to the book of Esther.
The wicked Haman was determined to execute all the Jews in the country.
With this gruesome proposal it is no wonder Esther is highly admired and celebrated every year during the feast of Purim.
“Then the king’s secretaries were summoned on the thirteenth day of the first month, and an edict, according to all that Haman all that Haman commanded, was written to the king’s satraps … it was written in the name of King Abasue’rus and sealed with the kings ring.” Esther 3:12
“Letters were sent by couriers to all the king’s provinces, to destroy, to slay, and to annihilate all Jews, young old, women and children, in one day, the thirteenth day of the twelfth month… and to plunder their goods.” Esther 3:13
The Last Supper
The last meal Jesus had with his disciples is probably the most shared explanation why the number 13 is considered unlucky.
The story is told in Matthew chapter 26, Mark chapter 14, Luke chapter 22 and John chapter 13.
Thirteen people were seated at the table; the twelve disciples and Jesus. During the meal Jesus made a statement implying that one person at the table would betray him.
“He who ate my bread has lifted his heel against me.” John 13:18
Simon Peter asks who the person is. Jesus answered “It is he to whom I shall give this morsel when I have dipped it”. “So then he dipped the morsel and gave it to Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot.
Then after the morsel, Satan entered into him” John 13:26-27
Judas leaves the dinner table. He does betray Jesus. This happened on a Thursday. The next day Jesus was crucified on the cross.
This last meal is when the Eucharist (Holy Communion) was instituted by Jesus.
Judas regretted his actions. He went to Temple with the 30 pieces of silver he had received and then he hung himself.
The 30 pieces of silver was considered blood money by the chief priest and could therefore not be put in the treasury.
The money was used to buy a field to bury strangers in. The field became known as the “Field of Blood”.
Revelation Chapter 13
It may just be a coincidence, but it is Revelation chapter 13 we find the infamous passage about the number of the beast; 666. The whole chapter describes the details and consequences of the two beasts. The last verses of the chapter reveal the number.
“Also it causes all, both small and great, both rich and poor, both free and slave, to be marked on the right hand or the forehead, so that no one can buy or sell unless he has that mark, that is the name of the beast or the number of its name.
This calls for wisdom: let him who has understanding reckon the number of the beast, for it is a human number, its number is six hundred and sixty-six.” Revelation 13:16-18
In Roman numerals the number 666 is written DCLXVI. This makes a neat pattern in a similar way as the number 123456 makes a pattern.
Bar Mitzvah – Judaism
Thirteen is the age when children officially become teenagers.
In Judaism, a boy becomes Bar Mitzvah at the age of thirteen.
Bar Mitzvah means “Son of the Commandment”.
He is now answerable to the religious duties.
There are thirteen circles in the Metatron’s cube.
Metatron is an angel found in medieval Jewish mystical texts.
It was told Metatron formed the cube from his soul.
Metatron’s cube has been used to ward off evil powers.
Maimonides outlined Thirteen Principles of Faith in Judaism. Moses Maimonides (1138 – 1204) was a major Jewish rabbi, philosopher, doctor, mathematician and astronomer.
The 13 Articles of Faith in Judaism
1. God exists.
2. God is one and unique.
3. God is incorporeal.
4. God is eternal
5. Prayer is to be directed to God alone.
6. The words of the prophets are true.
7. Moses was the greatest of the prophets.
8. Moses received the written and the oral Torah.
9. There will be no other Torah
10. God knows the thoughts and deeds of men.
11. God will reward the good and punish the evil.
12. The Messiah will come.
13. The dead will be resurrected.
The 13 Yule Lads of Iceland
In Iceland there is an old legend of the thirteen Yule Lads.
They are the children of Gryla and Leppalúdi, descendants of trolls. The family lives up in the mountains.
Gryla was known to steal naughty children and use the children as ingredients in her stew.
No doubt parents in earlier times told stories about Gryla to keep their children from misbehaving.
Gryla also has a cat that was known to eat any child who did not have a new piece of clothing by Christmas.
The thirteen Yule Lads were quite mischievous, as their names imply. The reputation of the family has fortunately greatly improved.
The thirteen Yule Lads arrive one day at a time and will also leave one day at a time.
Children put a shoe on the window sill.
If the child has been good the Yule Lad will leave a small gift or candy in the shoe.
If the child has been naughty the Yule Lad will leave a potato in the shoe.
|Stekkjarstaur||Sheepfold Stick (Harasses sheep)||12th of December||25th of December|
|Giljagaur||Gully Imp||13th of December||26th of December|
|Stúfur||Shorty||14th of December||27th of December|
|Þvörusleikir||Spoon-licker||15th of December||28th of December|
|Pottasleikir||Pot-licker||16th of December||29th of December|
|Askasleikir||Bowl-licker||17th of December||30 of December|
|Hurðaskellir||Door-Slammer||18th of December||31 of December|
|Skyrgámur||Skyr Gobbler (skyr is a yoghurt type)||19th of December||1st of January|
|Bjúgnakrækir||Sausage-snatcher||20th of December||2nd of January|
|Gluggagægir||Window-peeper||21st of December||3rd of January|
|Gáttaþefur||Sniffer||22nd of December||4th of January|
|Ketkrókur||Meat-hook||23rd of December||5th of January|
|Kertasníkir||Candle-beggar||24th of January||6th of January|